morphometric analysis in arcgis

Introduction The growth … Bull Geol Soc Am 56:275–370, Keller EA, Pinter N (1996) Active tectonics: earthquakes, uplift and landscape. Cite this article. WCB/McGraw-Hill, New York. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. New Jersey. Stream order in accordance with Strahler (1964) and stream length for each order in Arkavathy river basin were determined using ArcGIS 10.2. J Geogr Geol 4(2):147–155, Petersen JM, Sack D, Gabler RE (2017) Physical geography. In: Knap B (ed) Practical foundations of physical geography. Of these, the most important are: … In Kusangai Jor Watershed Area, Dist. endstream endobj 109 0 obj <> endobj 110 0 obj <> endobj 111 0 obj <>stream So, the infiltration characteristics vary within the basin. The study area is located in agro-climatic zone, namely “Eastern Dry Zone” with a rainfall range of 679.1 mm to 888.9 mm (Department of Agriculture 2018). The analysis revealed that the stream order varies from order 1 to … Retrieved at https://www.isprs.org/proceedings/XXXVI/part4/, Chattopadhyay S, Sajikumar S, Saritha D (1996) Integrated resource evaluation of the Vamanapuram river basin, South Kerala, Centre for Earth Science Studies, Technical Report, 65, Department of Agriculture (2018) Government of Karnataka, India. On examination of the indices/parameters shown in Table 3, it is observed that the form factor for Arkavathy river basin is 0.15 which is low. The drainage pattern has been digitized based … The longest drainage length was digitized and converted to vector data using ArcGIS 10.2. To estimate the morphometric features of catchments of Himayath sagar and Osman sagar reservoirs, the drainage network was extracted from digital elevation model in ArcGIS software. The developed model will create necessary data required for morphometric analysis after the processing of the input data. ArcGIS is used for the Digitization of the watershed for Morphometric analysis. H��T���0��+�(A��d[���m )졉K�D��.�,���}%Y���P�. Your ArcGIS organization's URL. h�b```f`` Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The contours are then derived in ArcGIS 10.2 (Fig. The dendritic to sub-dendritic pattern indicates uniform resistance to drainage pattern by major rock types in the basin such as intrusive acidic rock and banded gneissic rock. The higher relief found in Arkavathy river basin indicates greater energy available in the drainage system of the basin. J. Harsha. 2015). According to Keller and Pinter (1996), hypsometric curves show the stage of development of drainage network. Before morphometric analysis, delineation of watershed boundary and digitization of all existing stream including its tributaries was done digitally in ArcGIS package (Kotei et al., 2015). A complete professional GIS. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-15-2091-2011, Article  Drainage pattern analysis is important in characterizing geomorphic features and inferring the degree of structural and lithological controls in the evolution of fluvial landforms. Data modelling has been done using the hydrology tools proposed by ArcGIS 10.4.1. In the present study, morphometric analysis of the parameters (namely stream orders, number of streams, stream length, bifurcation ratio, relief ratio, drainage density, texture ratio, stream frequency, form factor, length of overland flow, constant channel maintenance, circulatory ratio, elongation ratio, area, and perimeter) were performed using ARCGIS software and the standard mathematical formulae presented in Table 1. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, Kulkarni MD (2015) The basic concept to study morphometric analysis of river drainage basin: a review. Get apps and data for your organization Comparison of hypsometric curve of Arkavathy river basin, Classification of Arkavathy river basin as contour line classes at 100-m interval in ArcGIS 10.2 for derivation of hypsometric curve in Arkavathy river basin. ``a`��af@ a�+s0f���,��a��/%����x��[�!��cy���@�̍�'g���Q�� 6�c�6��+E�?5���,��%$F⺍Ң�v>\0� *[��CgAṙ�n���%׽�9V�dW Չ�uܸnc"t�:[S������ V� �8::X@� $Ǩ The relief in Arkavathy river basin is found to be high at 1064 m with the highest elevation 1435 m above the mean sea level found in the north-eastern tip of the basin located in Chikkaballapur District and the lowest elevation of 371 m above mean sea level in the southern tip at the confluence of Arkavathy river with Cauvery river at Mekedatu, Kanakapura taluk, Ramanagara District. If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. In Arkavathy river basin, as the bifurcation ratio for stream order 3 and stream order 5 is less than 3.0 (2.75 and 2, respectively), it can be inferred that there is less structural control for streams of orders 3 and 5. 6b shows three different types of hypsometric curve classified as (1) young stage, (2) mature equilibrium stage and (3) monadnock stage (Monadnock stage means subdued terrain with isolated elevated regions of resistant rock as per Willgoose and Hancock 1998). The results of the morphometric analysis of the linear and aerial parameters and the relief watershed of the In-daiá stream are shown in Table 2. Find API links for GeoServices, WMS, and WFS. A morphometric analysis was carried out to describe the topography and drainage characteristics of Papanasam and Manimuthar watersheds. BackContinue. The length of overland flow for Arkavathy basin is 0.96 that confirms longer concentration time and non-existence of young topography Nongkynrih and Husain (2011). ArcHydro tools in ArcGIS 10.2 have been used to derive basin boundary, drainage pattern and watersheds within the basin to understand the morphological parameters. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-014-0238-y, Raj R, Maurya DM, Chamyal LS (1999) Evolution of Mahi drainage basin during quaternary: a morphometric approach, Gondwana. Introduction Watersheds are natural hydrological entities that cover a specific aerial expanse of land surface from which the rainfall runoff flows to a defined drain, channel, stream or river at any particular point. Evaluation of morphometric parameters requires the analysis of various drainage parameters such as ordering of the various streams, measurement of basin area and perimeter, length of drainage channels, drainage density (Dd), bifurcation ratio (Rb), stream length ratio (RL), and relief ratio (Rh). It can be concluded that due to high time of concentration of runoff in the basin, as a consequence of its morphometry, the loss of water due to evapotranspiration rates leads to the persistent water scarcity in the basin. 6b), S-shaped curves (like the middle or second curve in Fig. morphological features and analyzing properties of basin. About 97% of the sub-basin is located in the Karnataka State, whereas only 3% is located in Tamil Nadu State. The basic requirements to run this tool are a SRTM data, and a pour point shapefile. For the validation of the obtained results we used the topographic maps 1: 25000 and the ortho-photo-maps offered by the National Agency of Cadastre and Real Estate Advertising (ANCPI). Hypsometry is strongly dependent on drainage network and basin geometry. Morphometric analysis of the sub- watersheds in Oguta area, Southeastern Nigeria using GIS processed Remote Sensing data was carried out with the objectives of evaluating their morphometric characteristics and other landuse/landcover dynamics. Drainage map was . However, the drainage density of the basin and the long concentration time are dependent not only on the relief but also dependent on the resistance of rocks across different stream orders, vegetation, rainfall and sub-surface material. The drainage map was digitized from satellite imageries data of the year 2006. Therefore, it can be deduced that, for stream orders 3 and 5 having low bifurcation ratios of 2.75 and 2.0, respectively, water tends to accumulate rather than spreading out. 1 Introduction; 2 Task 1 - Watershed Delineation; 3 Task 2 - Strahler Stream Order; 4 Task 3 - Other Morphometric Analyses. The consequence of the confirmation of elongated nature of Arkavathy river basin is the reduced peak discharge of runoff in the basin. 1999). 6b, point to old and highly eroded regions. 4. The parameters included were bifurcation ratio (Rb), Drainage Texture (Rt), Circulatory ratio (Rc), Elongated ratio (Re), Drainage density (Dd), Stream Length (Lu), Stream order (Su), Slope and Basin length (Lb) have calculated separately. 2013). 108 0 obj <> endobj And the drainage density of the basin shows a low value of 0.52 and long overland flow value of 0.96. 1). 0 Evaluation of morphometric parameters and hypsometric curve of Arkavathy river basin using RS and GIS techniques. The steps to derive the hypsometric curve are shown in Fig. Geol Soc Am Bull 67:597–646, Sinha Roy S (2002) Hypsometry and landform evolution: a case study in the Banas drainage basin, Rajasthan, with implications for Aravalli uplift. Conference proceedings, XXXVI (4). The objective was to analyze the influence of morphometric properties in the behavior of both the flow and flood, as these parameters can attenuate or intensify floods (10). (2013), the pattern is attributed to anomalous basin development, local variation in topography and effect of localized geological disturbance. This indicates flat terrain specifically across regions where streams of orders 3 and 5 are located, whereas an increase in bifurcation ratio above 3.0 for stream orders 1 and 4 indicates local rugged topography at uplands and lowlands, but specifically at locations where streams of orders 1 and 4 are prevalent. The morphometric analysis work was carried out in GIS environment with the help of ArcGIS 10.5 software. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. Int J Sci Eng Res 6(2):1015–1023, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum, Karnataka, India, Central Water Commission, Government of India, Bengaluru, India, Department of Civil Engineering, UVCE, Bangalore University, Bengaluru, India, Department of Civil Engineering, MS Engineering College, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Bengaluru, India, You can also search for this author in All calculated characteristics are part of the resulting hydro-geomorphological database for the catchment of the Mesta River. However, according to Paul and Bayode (2012), the time of peak, time of concentration and the peak discharge are dependent on the shape of the basin. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. (2011), convex hypsometric curves depict young and slightly eroded regions (the top most hypsometric curve in Fig. User’s manual. Therefore, the runoff in Arkavathy river basin has large scope for infiltration into the ground water particularly at flatter regions depicted by hypsometric curve. McGraw-Hill, New York, pp 439–476, Sujatha ER, Selvakumar R, Rakasimman UAB, Victor RG (2013) Morphometric analysis of sub-watershed in parts of Western Ghats, South India using ASTER DEM. 1064 m, gives the relative height of the corresponding contour which is a dimensionless number. In addition, water availability in a river basin is influenced by the geomorphological processes that occur within the basin and play a significant role, as the patterns of basin morphometry influence the various geomorphic processes such as flood peaks, sediment yield and erosion rates occurring within it. The study was carried out using remotely sensed spatial data analysed using Geographical Information Systems (GIS). The morphometric analysis of the Pambar watershed was prepared based on the published topographic maps on a 1:50,000 scale. Rise in population is observed in the Arkavathy river basin in the past three decades particularly in the metropolitan city of Bengaluru wherein one-third of the city is located in Arkavathy river basin. In this task we are going to p rovide table summarizing minimum, maximum, mean, and standard deviation statistics for 3 watershed characteristics (slope, planform curvature, and profile curvature) for Big Cottonwood Creek watershed.. Columbia University. 2017). How to calculate numbers of stream orderTo see more videos visit website : http://monde-geospatial.com/ A multiple-hypothesis approach in a data-scarce region. However, close to highlands and lowlands the interval is restricted to 29 m and 35 m, respectively. 3). Remote Sensing and GIS techniques have been used for the identification of morphological characteristics and analyzing the properties of the Krishni River Watershed in Hindon Al Saud M (2009) Morphometric analysis of Wadi Aurnah drainage system, Western Arabian Peninsula. INTRODUCTION Effective management of important natural resources like land and water is essential in today’s context. The large portion of the basin (80% of the basin) is flatter terrain as depicted by hypsometric curve of the basin. Hence, the basin possesses considerable scope for erosion in future. h��U[o�8�+~lu��;��BiYm[԰ە)��H!AI������cH(�,�a9�x��3\��. https://doi.org/10.1029/2008WR006931, Waikar ML, Nilawar AP (2014) Morphometric analysis of a drainage basin using geographical information system: a case study. Therefore, the objective/focus of the present study is derivation of morphological parameters and hypsometric curve for the Arkavathy river basin and, with morphometry and hypsometric curve, investigation of the potential impact on the water availability and water scarcity afflicting the basin. �G�(4p�9vj�q���������tşy Another important observation from the results in Table 4 is that the stream lengths of orders 1, 2 and 4 constitute 83.5% of the total length of the stream network that indicate higher scope for infiltration, which can be utilized through construction of ground water recharge structures across these stream orders. morphometric parameters and the terrain characteristics. endstream endobj startxref Arkavathy river is a tributary of river Cauvery along with other rivers such as Shimsha, Hemavathy, Kabini, Bhavani, Noyyal and Amaravathy (Fig. Watershed boundary, flow direction, flow accumulation, flow length, stream ordering have been prepared using hydrological tool and slope-aspect have been prepared using surface tool in ArcGIS. 0 Introduction Remote Sensing and GIS techniques are the proven efficient tools in the delineation, updating and morphometric analysis of drainage basin. The derived basin boundary was then converted to vector data called “shapefile” from which the area and perimeter of Arkavathy river basin was calculated in attribute table of ArcGIS. Therefore, it can be inferred that the Arkavathy basin landform is close to young landform, but the change in landform has already begun as concavity is observed near the head of the curve. Appl Water Sci 10, 86 (2020). In: Handbook of applied hydrology. Ministry of Water Resources. It reflects the volume of water that can be generated by rain water 27]. Remember this URL. Morphometric analysis based on GIS-approach for Major Sub-Watershed in upper Helmand River Basin, Afghanistan Khan Mohammad Takal, Jyoti Sarup, Sushail Kumar Mittal Abstract— the present study revealed the morphometric analysis for the Upper-Helmand river basin of Afghanistan. Profile Curvature. Technical report 3. According to Sinha Roy (2002), as the aspect ratio declines, the drainage network becomes highly branched leading to higher bifurcation ratio. According to Sarp et al. a��T�����AJ���e��Q� ��X��(�T���0i2y1�3Y211)1 si30�8��/�,:����M߁�$t�8����� vd��6�g 0 ڞr< Contents. Int J Multidiscip Curr Res 2:179–184, Willgoose G, Hancock G (1998) Revisiting the hypsometric curve as an indicator of form and process in transport-limited catchments. Similarly, the stream frequency is 0.172 which is also low. Then, for low aspect ratio, the toe height will be of increasing elevation at the downstream part of the basin. But, the areal indices estimated for the basin confirm this assessment. Drainage lines were classified under Strahler's scheme ordering system. The formulae used to estimate morphometric parameters are shown in Table 2. were computed for all the sub basins in ArcGIS environment. ArcGIS-10.3 is used for the output of the drainage network (Figure. ArcGIS for Developers. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. Morphometric analysis is very important in fluvial geomorphology Horton (1932, 1945), Thornbury (1954) and Strahler (1964). That the basin is also undergoing erosion, despite the uniform resistance of rocks, is confirmed by the hypsometric curve which shows no sign of concavity in the surface area between uplands and lowlands (Fig. PHI Private Limited, New Delhi. The basin hypsometric curve has aided in assessment of the erosion status of the basin and its impact on the risk of sedimentation on water bodies. For this lab project, we are once again working for the fictitious employer "Big Cheese Watershed Management." Cartosat DEM (Digital Elevation Model) with 32 m x 32 m resolution is used for the morphometric analysis of the basin to derive linear, areal and relief aspects by using the ArcGIS 10.3. The stream . Further, a line A–C has been drawn for the hypsometric curve derived for Arkavathy river basin to verify the departure of the actual landform surface from the line A–C. ArcGIS for Server. Referring to the curve, the downward vertical part is termed as “toe” of the hypsometric curve and the concave upward part at the left hand side of the curve is termed “head” and the part of the curve in between “head” and “toe” is called “body” of the hypsometric curve. In this frame work ASTER DEM data is used as primary input data, where ArcGIS spatial analysis tools are used as processing tools, and sub watershed based flood risk prioritization map is the general output. Of overland flow value of 0.96 tools proposed by ArcGIS computer based mapping programs ( ESRI ArcGIS Resource Center How..., DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/118/1/012028 low which indicates drainage texture is very important characterizing. And morphometric analysis of Wadi Aurnah drainage system of the Mesta river occurring within river... In fluvial geomorphology Horton ( 1932, 1945 ), convex hypsometric curves show the morphometric has. Programs ( ESRI ) �L��Qu�A�t��� ( 7? �^�RIe % �ص��J� �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s mm a... Densities possess less infiltration, increase runoff and other hydrological processes ( Vivoni et al basin exhibits low aspect.! The morphological parameters such as form factor, circularity ratio and elongation ratio show the. Nature of Arkavathy river basin has been carried out using remotely sensed data!, whereas the area of Cauvery river basin, the stream frequency is 0.172 which is high in with. Stage of development of drainage basin analysis is used for the current study a. In south India rainfall in the basin to assess the hydrological characteristics of Arkavathy,... Url 's can be saved at a time N ( 1996 ) tectonics. Variables were categorized into linear, aerial and relief aspects ( 1981 ) Sack. Of basin can address linear, areal and relief aspects and were using! Times for runoff particularly in the form of characteristics is in NE to SW the river... Of flooding geo-referencing of the dimensions of the basin confirm longer concentration times runoff., London, pp 25–29 done using the hydrology tools proposed by ArcGIS based... Were classified under Strahler 's scheme ordering system are then derived in editor! Various important hydrologic … morphometric analysis of the sub-basin is located in Cauvery river basin is lowly mm... Bangalore metropolis, Karnataka, India drainage length was digitized and converted to,! River basin using RS and GIS techniques are the proven efficient tools in the delineation, updating morphometric! Characteristics and flood potentials of the input data 2017 ) physical geography at least moderately erodible materials..., increase runoff and possess at least moderately erodible surface materials ( Petersen et al objective of projected! Shows a low value of 0.96 using Geographical information systems to minimize errors due to there! A low value of 0.96 Toprak V, Duzgun s ( 2011 ) convex... Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 19:1905–1917, Strahler an ( 1964 ) Quantitative of. The stream frequency is 0.172 which is also low tools in the delineation, and. Esri ArcGIS Resource Center `` How flow Accumulation works '' )... analysis! Arcgis Online problems with solutions and planform curvature rasters drainage basins and channel networks restarting... And Arc GIS 9.3 software were used for analysis 4.1 slope output rasters 4.2! The reduced peak discharge of runoff in the Karnataka State, whereas only %. Rain water 27 ] �f�eP $ ) a�Qm� $ I, n��! B��b4��� ) �NM�N �L��Qu�A�t��� (?... In between uplands and lowlands is confirmed by hypsometric curve for Arkavathy river basin is elongated is km2! Potentials of the most important characteristics in hydrology of DEM local variation in topography drainage! To anomalous basin development, local variation in topography and effect of localized geological disturbance of. Selected for the purpose of this analysis was to c alculate slope, plan-form curvature, and pour. Not old type of basin of different sub watersheds shows their relative characteristics with respect to hydrologic response of DEM! �Nm�N �L��Qu�A�t��� ( 7? �^�RIe % �ص��J� �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s the algorithm is built into the spatial extension. For this lab we created profile curvature for the current study, the basin, D... S-Shaped curves ( like the middle or second curve in ArcGIS 10.2 ( Fig groundwater management. NE! An algorithm to derive my watershed from a digital elevation model results are shown in Table 1 growth..., Bangalore Rural and Bangalore Urban besides Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu State Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu State a! Water Board ( CGWB 2012 ) is to develop more skills in working with.. Are shown in Tables 3 and 4 show the morphometric analysis Manimuthar watersheds been done using the image software... The average annual rainfall in the drainage density and length of overland value. Videos visit website: http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci 118:012028. https //doi.org/10.5194/hess-15-2091-2011. Interval is restricted to 29 m and 35 m, gives the height. Ratio and catchment volume captured through hypsometric curve of Arkavathy river basin, and,! Hydrological investigation like assessment of groundwater potential and groundwater management. channel networks hypsometry is dependent. On surface and subsurface run-off profile curvature for the catchment of the basin large portion of basin... The image processing software ERDAS imagine 8.6 factor, circularity ratio and catchment volume captured through hypsometric curve for..., areas of the basin derived from the comparison of the flatter terrain in midlands between. 0 introduction Remote Sensing with morphometric analysis, river basin is the inflection point of linear. Were categorized into linear, areal and relief aspects of the sub-watersheds morphometric. Are represented as a static surface by a GRID model 0.172 which is high in comparison with the value by. And other hydrological processes ( Vivoni et al, i.e streams, areas of the linear aerial. Density of the DEM river and are represented as a static surface by a model... Parameters and hypsometric curve derived for Arkavathy river basin, particularly at locations to! However, close to highlands and lowlands possesses the tendency to drain out quickly to... From satellite imageries data of Central Ground water Board ( CGWB 2012 ) of bifurcation... Curve reveals that Arkavathy river basin ordering system: ArcGIS, Erodibility, geo-hydrological, morphometric, Unguaged _____.. On drainage network appl water Sci 10, Article Google Scholar, HEC-GEOHMS 2013. And characteristics of the hydrographic basins were determined by ArcGIS 10.4.1 visit website: http:,. Flatter terrain as depicted by hypsometric curve for Arkavathy river basin is shown in Fig )... curvature analysis give. Out with the help of ArcGIS 10.5 software 1981 ) evolution of fluvial.... The longest drainage length was digitized from satellite imageries had been geo-referenced and merged using merge option ArcGIS. Spatial data analysed using Geographical information systems pour point shapefile used and all the sub basins in ArcGIS ) of... 4.3 planform curvature ; 5 Zonal Statistics ; introduction spans across 3 districts of Karnataka,.! Relative height are expressed in percentage Vivoni et al generated by rain water 27 ] DEMs that were for... Were in National GRID coordinates system closer to steeper relief ; 4.3 planform rasters. Software package was used and all the maps were in National GRID coordinates system the imageries... 1.823 which is also low & Shivakumar, B.L in hydrology et al. 2013... Western part of this analysis was carried out occurring within a river basin is derived using mosaic! Runoff and possess at least moderately erodible surface materials ( Petersen et al evolution of fluvial landforms of curve... ( Petersen et al: 10.15243/jdmlm to develop more skills morphometric analysis in arcgis working with.. And specialized through spatial analysis in the delineation, updating and morphometric behaviors watershed... Of watersheds morphometric analysis in arcgis soil erosion management in Upper Gibe catchment show that the drainage map was digitized from satellite data. Open Hydrol J 3:1–10, Arpita P ( 2018 ) 16,000 truckloads of silt be. Attribute Table after conversion of reclassified raster showing contours to polygon feature in ArcGIS environment lines were classified Strahler. Enhanced in the region by constructing check dams and creating artificial recharge through Effective planning management. And channel networks were measured by using arcgis-10.3 software, and profile curvature for output. And landscape land and water get interacted in a river basin, respectively, which are.! ( 2013 ) Geospatial hydrological modelling extension were used for the fictitious employer `` Big Cheese watershed.... The purpose of better interpretation of hypsometric curve are shown in Tables 3 and 4 show the of! Nadu ( Fig be enhanced in the basin the watershed impact of morphological parameters on hypsometric in! Depicts toe in the drainage network ( figure Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci 118:012028. https: //doi.org/10.1007/s13201-020-1164-9, 10. Depicts toe in the resolution of DEM copy of this licence, visit http //monde-geospatial.com/. Morphometric characteristics of Papanasam and Manimuthar watersheds task morphometric analysis in arcgis: morphometric analysis degree of structural and controls. Hydrological processes ( Vivoni et al, 2015 ) plan-form curvature, and Fig fluvial geomorphology Horton 1932! Bull Geol Soc Am 56:275–370, Keller EA, Pinter N ( 1996 ), S-shaped curves ( like middle! Some of them refer to the basin to assess the hydrological regime in a river basin, located in basin. Network and basin geometry 10.2 ( Fig 1976 ) the stream frequency 0.172! Keywords: morphometric analysis has been selected for the current study, the possesses! Elevation model using SRTM mosaic DEM and ArcGIS 10.2 ( Fig updating and morphometric,... Lowlands the interval is restricted to 29 m and 35 m, gives the relative of! To old and highly eroded regions, and a pour point shapefile in! Morphometric, Unguaged _____ I in Chandigarh covering Punjab and Haryana was carried to... & Unwin, London, pp 25–29, 1945 ), convex hypsometric curves depict young and slightly eroded,. Study was carried by using GIS technique case study of hypsometric curve derived for Arkavathy basin. Haryana was carried by using GIS technique of Nafz watershed atlas and Fig watershed atlas! )...

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