cotton farming in africa

If you want to take advantage of the vast global demand for cotton in the fashion industry worldwide, here’s how to start cotton farming in Nigeria: See Also: How To Start The Lucrative Export Of Cotton Lint From Nigeria To International Buyers. CmiA aims to improve the living conditions of smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa while protecting the environment and increasing transparency in the textile supply chain. It is estimated that 97% of the water in the Indus River goes towards producing crops like cotton. The plants then blossoms into shrubs. Cotton does not only just contribute to the economic output of any nation that grows it, but can also be beneficial to the health of the people, as the seeds produce healthy oil, which are great sources of Vitamin E and low in cholesterol. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. By the late 1920s around two-thirds of all African-American tenants and almost three-fourths of the croppers worked on cotton farms, and two in three black women from black landowning families were involved in cotton farming. The country’s richest people used to be cotton farmers who owned cars, tractors, good houses, had their children in private schools and even bought cows with the money from cotton, he noted. African cotton flourishes under the right conditions with rain-fed cultivation and plenty of sunshine. In the context of SA agriculture, the domestic cotton industry remains small. C otton blue disease is caused by the Cotton leaf-roll dwarf virus and transmitted by aphids. Notwithstanding, loamy soil is best for cotton farming. The high quality of African cotton is further enhanced by Cotton made in Africa’s interventions. Do you mind having a business club that will include others interested in the business. That makes it a high-quality raw material. Textiles certified by Cotton made in Africa are marked with a small label for easy identification by consumers. Cotton is predominantly a smallholder crop and represents a crucial source of income for millions of farmers and their families in more than 20 countries across all regions of Sub-Saharan Africa. Staple length varies between 18 and 42 millimetres. Lack of highly efficient storage facilities for the unprocessed nuts, Lack of capital for large scale production, Lack of easy access to the international market by most cashew nuts farmers in Nigeria, Instability of the international market price of Cashew Nuts, Lack of adequate widespread knowledge on how to produce high-quality Cashew Nuts In Nigeria, Lack of funds to import international standard Cashew Nuts processing machinery into Nigeria. US farmers are subsidised so they produce more cotton than they would otherwise, lowering the global price. Cotton farming became a major area of racial conflict in the history of the United States, particularly during the nineteenth century. All the cotton from GWK’s producers in South Africa is marketed collectively. Levant cotton is primarily spun into yarns to make a variety of fabrics. Professional Business Plans For Your Success, View startuptipsdaily’s profile on Facebook, View startuptipdaily’s profile on Twitter, View startuptipsdaily’s profile on Instagram, View 112684232616485826000’s profile on Google+, How To Start A Lucrative Cotton Farming & Production Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide, Still Looking For Funds? I can Manage commercial Cotton project. However, there are also quality issues that face African hand-picked cotton. South Africa also produces extremely high quality cotton with 70%-80% exported,” Louw told Farmer’s Weekly. Smallholder farmers account for 85 percent of cotton farming activities in the nation. All available rainwater has to be used efficiently, especially in drier parts of Africa. While cotton production are all the procedures involved in conversion of raw cotton plants into processed cotton fabric. It is a seasonal business as the cashew nuts are only gathered during a season once a year. If you need a professional and affordable business plan service, StartupTipsDaily’s MBA standard professional business plan writing service is perfect for your small business. Find the perfect cotton farming africa stock photo. My company can supply whatever quantity you want. Only the long fibres are used for textile production. This kind of cotton is only used in the production of luxurious fabrics. Our in-depth online export course is specifically designed to help you build a successful export business from scratch IN 90 DAYS WITHOUT LOSING ANY MONEY FROM YOUR INVESTMENTS, GUARANTEED! Cotton’s most prominent environmental impacts result from the use of agrochemicals (especially pesticides), the consumption of water, and the conversion of habitat to agricultural use. A diverse agriculture was replaced by a system of large plantations to grow sugar, cotton and tobacco for the European market, under a monoculture system which was usually harmful to the soils after repeated use and left the countries vulnerable to plant diseases sweeping through the entire crop. Between 2004 and 2008 Swele specialised in planting sunflowers but after attending cotton farming training courses she decided to make the switch. As the groundwater level falls, and rivers or wetlands dry out, drinking water for humans and animals becomes scarce. Currently, however, the only places in Sub-Saharan Africa where genetically modified cotton is grown by smallholder farmers are in South Africa, Sudan, and Burkina Faso. It has extra-long fibers which makes it extra soft and extra strong. Cotton farming in South Africa is a summer crop. By 2000, West Africa was producing nearly 100 million tons each year —13 percent of the global supply.1 Cotton is the principal cash crop for half a million producers and provides income to another five million growers.2 Cotton production expansion throughout West Africa has had a marked, if not deleterious impact on traditional farming Pest control is also necessary within this period. Eventually, the raw cotton is pressed into large bales and sold on to spinning mills for yarn manufacture, where it then starts its trip along the textile chain: from the spinning mill to the finished garment. Cotton seeds when crushed and processed can also be used in the production of plastics. That reduces both leaching from the soil and the occurrence of pests. Another benefit is that hand picking, unlike machine harvesting, does not use defoliants, so there is less chemical contamination of the cotton. it is native to southern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Cream and pink colored flowers emerge briefly and give way to fruit at pollination. Cotton thrives on a neutral soil PH of 5.5. The machine makes one pass through the cotton field taking, not only the cotton boll, but everything in the field; however, human pickers work in a much more careful and environmentally-sound way, taking only completely mature fibre bolls. Cotton from Cotton made in Africa is produced by smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa in accordance with CmiA standard criteria. The cotton plant loves warmth: it needs about 200 days of sunshine in the season to flourish and bear fruit. The Fall and Rise of Cotton Farming. The history of cotton can be traced to domestication.Cotton played an important role in the history of India, the British Empire, and the United States, and continues to be an important crop and commodity.. Many African cotton farmers view genetically modified cotton as a technical advance from which they do not want to be excluded. Biodiversity (a term coined as a shortened form of “biological diversity”) is understood to refer to variations among all organised forms of life in terms of varieties of species, genetic diversity of flora and fauna, and differences between whole ecosystems. Also, it accounts for less than 2% of the global market. Am interested in cotton farming. HOW can i contact you? And, of course, the consequences of losing biodiversity mainly affect poorer rural sections of the population that are directly dependent on the fertility of the soil. Cotton bolls are used in producing cotton fiber used in textile production. You’d need to make a reference to the article link and writer’s name. When the fruit capsule fully matures, it bursts open and the “cotton fluff” spills out. Over time, the soil becomes depleted, crop yields become ever poorer, and pests spread. In addition to its use in clothing, societies in the developing world turn to this cotton, for medicinal purposes, including the treatment of nausea, headaches, fevers, haemorrhages, and diarrhoea. The climate, with its high average temperatures and alternation between dry and wet seasons, favours the cultivation of this natural fibre crop. of Farmers: 25,584 No. Their strength and their unique structure make them ideal for spinning: the fibres are twisted like a corkscrew, so they do not tear during spinning. In that year, cotton production in India amounted to around 6.42 million metric tons. The cotton economy had close ties to the Northern banking industry, New England textile factories and the economy of Great Britain. Cotton is a summer crop and is planted in South Africa during October after the fields have been prepared to a fine tilth with adequate soil moisture or by increasing the soil water content by irrigation. While conventional cotton production has been decreasing in most Sub-Saharan African countries over the last five years, the organic cotton production has steadily increased. It has relatively long fibres, that fall into the medium staple length category (1 1/8 inch, about 28.5 mm) suitable for producing yarns that can be used for a range of applications, and which are processed worldwide to supply materials for fashion and home textiles. Under optimal conditions of soil-moisture, the seedling will emerge within 7 days. In this period, the cotton seeds forming inside the capsule are bundles of long fibres (called “staple”) and a layer of shorter, fluffy fibres (called “linter”). CmiA promotes sustainable cotton farming in sub-Saharan Africa. It is a process where the mass of cotton is subjected to opening, cleaning, picking, carding, combing, drawing, roving, and spinning. It needs sufficient heat and light to mature and should not be subject to frost prior to maturity. Trials are currently being conducted in Benin on the use of cotton bags for harvesting to reduce contamination with leftover plastic materials, which are unfortunately found ever more often in the fields of Africa. I therefore wants to know the best time to start planting and the buyers of the cotton products at harvest. West Africa The Organic & Fairtrade Cotton Coalition is active in various West African countries, including Mali, Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Benin. Good write up, I find it very useful, but how can I site the publication. Face2Face Africa Skip to navigation (n) Cotton production in Burkina Faso is continuing its downward slide three years after the nation phased out the use of pest-resistant genetically modified (GM) cotton. It's not easy farming cotton in Africa. Hello. African cotton is mostly grown by smallholder farmers and is hand-picked, which ensures its good quality. A traditional and still common processing method is ring spinning. ... PAN UK has more than two decades of experience supporting organic cotton farmers in Africa, but we are always looking for new ways … Frost could retard growth and lead to reduced yield in the same way that too little heat could. No need to register, buy now! Cotton farmers in Burkina Faso: World prices are depressed. In its growth phases, cotton is highly sensitive to excess moisture: In the first phase of sprouting and growth, the cotton plant needs moist soil, whereas in the ripening phase too much moisture damages the quality of the fibres. After the harvest, the seed and fibre are separated from each other in ginneries, and the thin coating of wax that surrounds the fibres and protects them from moisture is removed. Large-scale agricultural cultivation of cotton threatens biodiversity in its environment as it is commonly characterised by monocultures, the heavy use of pesticides, and high-water consumption levels. Local business environment. Its parent organisation is the Hamburg-based Aid by Trade Foundation (AbTF). Cotton is one of the most demanded cash crops in the world because of its uses in the production of fabric in the clothing industry. Cotton is usually harvested with the seed and gathered into bales. The groundwater is heavily contaminated, which might cause disease among humans and animals. In response, Cotton SA has established a formal training program for small-holder cotton farmers. Cotton grows in the dry areas, in Kenya, mainly in Nyanza, western, eastern and Coast regions. Gossypium arboreum accounts for about 2% of cotton production. In the end, what’s left is barren wasteland and new crop areas need to be developed. of Producer Groups: 9 No. Of course, that takes much longer, but it also has major benefits compared with machine harvesting. Swele was a sunflower farmer until she realised there was greater potential in farming cotton. Download here . In many parts of the world, cotton is grown in large plantations, but in Africa it is almost exclusively cultivated by smallholder farmers using crop rotation. Maria Swele with cotton produced on her Loskop Cotton plant where she employs just over 100 people. The goal of the project is also to establish a marketable crop rotation with crops such as sesame and shea but-ter. Gossypium hirsutum accounts for about 90% of the cotton produced in the world. In fact, more than 35% of organic cotton producers in Africa are female. In the drawing (drafting) stage, a series of variable-speed rollers attenuates and reduces the sliver to firm uniform strands of usable sizes. Because the cotton plant grow up to a meter tall, adequate space is required, and a row spacing of 38 to 40 inches should be adhered to. Its parent organisation is the Hamburg-based Aid by Trade Foundation (AbTF). Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. Notwithstanding, loamy soil is best for cotton farming. See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Barley Farming Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide. Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) was founded by the entrepreneur Prof. Dr. Michael Otto in 2005. Kenya: To Grow Kenya's Textile Industry, We Must Revive Cotton Farming - allAfrica.com Search Extensive cotton growing demonstrably causes great damage in some parts of the world. Small business ideas, business plans, & tips for African entrepreneurs to start, run, & grow successful businesses. Growing rainfed cotton is a risky, weather-dependent activity, for which west African farmers have scarce insurance options. For higher-quality yarn, card sliver is put through a combing machine, which straightens the staple further and removes unwanted short lengths, or noils. With global cotton yields continue to remain near the 10-year average of 770 kg/ha, world cotton production is projected to decrease by 4% to 26 million tons in 2018/19. Julius Tillery is the owner of Black Cotton and he is using his cotton farm and the by-products to change the stigma linked to the trade. This statistic shows the world's leading cotton producing countries in crop year 2019/2020. The cotton bale is opened, and its fibers are raked mechanically to remove foreign matter (e.g., soil and seeds). Sustainable cotton production is the solution to these issues. Plastic waste has unfortunately spread, even to remote villages in Africa, and may lead to the presence of foreign material. Africa is a huge continent—larger than the USA, China, India, Japan, and Europe put together. Cotton South Africa's Programmes. Cotton farming is of marginal profitability for many small farmers. Cotton farming in South Africa is a summer crop. A lot of quantitative data, such as on harvest yields or the number of…. Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) ist eine Initiative der Aid by Trade Foundation (AbTF) mit Sitz in Hamburg, die durch Handel Hilfe zur Selbsthilfe leistet und so zur Armutsbekämpfung in Subsahara-Afrika beiträgt. For many farming communities, organic farming gives opportunities to women who operate as independent cotton producers. CmiA is tackling this problem in cooperation with its African partners. Southern black cotton farmers faced discrimination from the north, and many white Democrats were concerned about how many of them were being employed in the US cotton industry and the dramatic growth of black landowners. Africa. As a result, some farmers have to use increasing amounts of pesticides and fertilisers in order to secure their crops. The International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC) expects global cotton hectares to decrease by about 2% to 33.4 million ha in 2018/19. That requires the balanced use of fertiliser or mulching, whereby the soil between the cotton plants is covered with organic material, such as leaves, to reduce the loss of moisture through evaporation. It is planted from October to the end of November and harvested in May - June. Last year was a record year for cotton production, resulting in a glut of cotton on the world market. All parts of the cotton plant are useful, as the seeds provide oil, plastics, and explosives. In Brazil, we are a leading cotton exporter and have developed long-standing relationships with large number of growers, providing them with innovative financial and risk-management solutions. “Locally, we produce less than our demand. Pima is considered the best quality of cotton on earth. Cotton production areas in South Africa are as follows: Limpopo Province in the Springbok Flats from Bela-Bela to Mokopane, North West Prov- ince covering the areas of Taung, Stella, Delareyville and Maratsane, KwaZulu-Natal in the Makhathini Flats, Mpumalanga and Northern Cape in the Lower Orange River, Vaalharts, Douglas and Prieska districts. Cotton seeds are planted on ridges because cotton grows into shrubs. The nation has a production potential of 260,000 tons but on average it produces around 38000 metric tons. No other plant is as attractive to pests and viruses as cotton. Thank you very much. All cotton is traceable and every farm has a batch number which enables the producer to be remunerated for the exact quantity of cotton lint delivered to the gin. Other measures for growing cotton sustainably are the efficient use of pesticides and fertilisers and the responsible use of water. Currently still low, which ensures its good quality a result, some farmers scarce... 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